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Index to Creationist Claims,  edited by Mark Isaak,    Copyright © 2004
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Claim CD222:

Juvenile water, the water added to oceans through volcanoes, hot springs, and other vents, is added at such a rate that the oceans could not be more than 320 million years old to be as full as they are now.


Morris, Henry M., 1974. Scientific Creationism, Green Forest, AR: Master Books, p. 156.


  1. Water is removed from the ocean into the earth's crust, too. Around rift systems, water is circulated underground thermally. At subduction zones, water is subducted along with the oceanic plates. In fact, the water (and carbon) that is subducted lowers the melting point of the rock, ultimately causing the volcanoes from which the juvenile water comes (Decker and Decker 1998, 84-85). In short, juvenile water is not really juvenile; it is recycled.


  1. Decker, Robert and Barbara Decker, 1998. Volcanoes, 3rd ed. New York: W.H. Freeman and Co.

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created 2003-7-18