The Java Man skullcap

Java Man skullcap

Trinil 2, "Java Man", "Pithecanthropus I", Homo erectus (was Pithecanthropus erectus)

Discovered by Eugene Dubois in 1891 near Trinil in Java. Its age is uncertain, but thought to be about 700,000 years. This find consisted of a flat, very thick skullcap, a few teeth, and a thigh bone found about 12 meters away (Theunissen, 1989). The brain size is about 940 cc. Trinkaus and Shipman (1992) state that most scientists now believe the femur is that of a modern human, but few of the other references mention this.

Sangiran 2

Sangiran 2, "Pithecanthropus II", Homo erectus
A very similar but more complete braincase was found at Sangiran in Java in 1937 by G.H.R. von Koenigswald. It is even smaller, with a brain size of only 815 cc.

Many creationists consider Java Man to be a large ape, but it is far more humanlike and has a far larger brain size than any ape, and the skull is similar to other Homo erectus skulls. It is also frequently claimed that Eugene Dubois, the discoverer of Java Man, later decided it was only a large gibbon, but this claim is not true.

Related links

Creationist arguments about Java Man

Was Java Man a gibbon?

Compare Java Man with the Turkana Boy

Compare Java Man with a chimpanzee and a Neandertal

Search of Java Man

This page is part of the Fossil Hominids FAQ at the Archive.

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